Adults who wear contact lenses should have annual eye exams, says the American Optometric Association (AOA). “At risk” adults also should have more frequent eye exams. Some of these risk factors include: a family history of eye disease (glaucoma, macular degeneration, etc.), diabetes or high blood pressure, a visually demanding occupation or one that poses hazards to the eyes, taking prescription or non-prescription drugs that may have visual or eye-related side effects, and previous eye injuries or eye surgery.
Routine eye exams are critical for children to be prepared to learn in school. Some experts believe more than 80 percent of information children receive in classrooms is presented visually. Children with risk factors for vision problems may need their first eye exam earlier than six months of age and more frequently through their childhood. Some of these risk factors include: history of premature birth or low birth weight, infection of mother during pregnancy (example: rubella), developmental delays such as strabismus (turned or crossed eyes); family history of eye disease, anisometropia (eyes with different refractive powers), and other disease or physical illness.
WHAT HAPPENS IN AN EYE EXAM
Your Today’s Vision optometrist will determine which tests are appropriate for your eye exam. Some of these include: color blindness test, cover test for eye alignment, ocular motility (eye movement) test, depth perception test, retinoscopy (doctor shining light on retina), phoropter refraction (example: what is better 1 or 2?), autorefractor or aberrometer testing; slit lamp exam (to view the structures of the eyes), visual field test (to determine blind spots), and glaucoma testing. Your doctor may need to dilate your eyes. Typically, a contact lens fitting is not included in an eye exam.